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How did Jesus actually die?
We know that Jesus had power to give or keep His life. He made the decision of when His time was finished. But what would the medical cause of His death have been?
For crucified individuals, “death ultimately occurred through a combination of constrained blood circulation, organ failure, and asphyxiation as the body strained under its own weight.” (Source 1 and source 2)
Why not stone Jesus like Stephen was?
The martyr Stephen was killed by stoning (Acts 7:58). Why did the Jews take Jesus to the Romans to crucify rather than just stoning Him as well (the Jewish form of capital punishment for blasphemy– see Leviticus 24:16)?
There are many possibilities but three stand out to me:
The Jewish leaders likely wanted to make a shameful public spectacle of Jesus. According to Biblical scholar Tom Meyer, “[Crucifixion] was a most shameful and degrading punishment. Among the Romans, it was reserved for robbers, assassins, criminal slaves and rebels.” (Source) To get their ultimate “revenge” on Jesus, the Jewish leaders likely saw great value in Jesus being so publicly and painfully killed.
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